The United Nation Security Council is one of the most important committees inside the UN. Its main responsibility is to maintain international peace and security. The council takes upon threats to world peace and calls upon all parties to settle peacefully. Additionally, members recommend adequate measures to resolve the issue; however, if shown to be ineffective, assertive measures such as the effective deployment of peacekeeping troops and administer sanctions, can be applied.The council is composed of 15 members total, five being permanent and 10 being elected yearly. The members are chosen from different continents with a term of two years. Permanent members have the right to veto and any nay is considered as such. Under the UN Charter, all member states of the SC are obligated to comply with the decisions taken by the Council. Considering the complex nature of topics, the council is recommended primarily for experienced delegates willing to take on the pressure of military disputes.
Maria Luísa Montenegro