The Special Political and Decolonization Committee was created as a result of the incorporation of the Fourth Committee and the Special Political Committee of the United Nations. As one of the four main committees of the UN General Assembly, the SPECPOL has already contributed profusely towards the process of decolonization worldwide. The committee has developed 80 nations into autonomous states, which have thereafter become part of the UN as individual members. The committee encompasses a diverse range of pertinent and ongoing themes, including the regulation of peacekeeping operations, the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestinian Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA), international cooperation in outer space, atomic radiation, and the distribution of information, as well as other noteworthy topics based on decolonization itself.
During the course of the BRAMUN conference, the Political Committee will debate and consider rational solutions to be adopted for the following topics: Tackling the territorial disputes and international claims in the Antarctic region, Addressing the Non-Self Governing Territory status of Western Sahara and Evaluating international and public-private cooperation in space exploration.