The International Court of Justice (ICJ) is “the principal judicial organ of the United Nations (UN)”. It was founded in 1945 and is located in The Hague, Netherlands. The court is composed of 15 judges, which are appointed by the General Assembly and the Security Council, and each judge serves a nine-year term. The main objectives of the court are to settle legal disputes between nations (in conformity with international law) and give advisory opinions to authorized UN organs and specialized agencies about legal questions.
Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination (Qatar v. United Arab Emirates)
Counteracting Unlawful Settlement of the Kashmir Region (Pakistan v. India)
Contravention of Spain's unlawful oppression of Catalan independence (Catalonia v. Spain)
Gi Hyeok Lee