The Human Rights Council is an intergovernmental body of the United Nations, established in March 2006 by the UN General Assembly. The Council is composed of 47 Member States of the United Nations, elected by the General Assembly for 3-year terms. Additionally, observers, such as non-Member States, intergovernmental organizations and NGOs, also participate in Council sessions. The first session of the UN Human Rights Council was held on the year of its establishment, in 2006, and since then it holds multiple meetings throughout the year and emergency meetings for responding to crises. The main scopes of the UNHRC are aimed at the promotion and protection of human rights all around the globe; therefore, its meetings consist on an international debate for the global insurance of human rights. The Council also addresses specific human rights violations, for instance in a particular country or during a certain conflict, and makes recommendations to assure that human rights abuses are condemned, and the rights reassured to the population or group in question.
The UNHRC also works alongside numerous expert mechanisms, subsidiary bodies and forums, in order to collect more detailed information on certain human rights abuses or host debates with a more focused and specialized approach on an issue. Furthermore, working groups and experts examine, monitor and investigate violations of human rights, reporting it back to the Human Rights Council. Therefore, the Human Rights Council can address violations and discriminations, review States' records of human rights abuses or insurance, and work towards promoting global human rights assistance, preventing further violations, and responding to human rights emergencies.
Tackling political persecution in Venezuela
Dealing with the issue of child sexual exploitation and ensuring children's rights
Addressing gender-based violence