Established alongside the United Nations following the end of the Second World War, the Security Council held its first committee session on 17 January 1946 at Church House, Westminster, London. Though initially stagnant as a result of Cold War conflicts, since the 1990s it has been active in preserving peace and prosperity throughout much of the world. It has since taken permanent residence at the UN Headquarters in New York City, though it often travels to other cities and countries to hold sessions.
The Council consists of fifteen member states, with five of them (The USSR/Russia, the United Kingdom, France, the People’s Republic of China, and the United States) being permanent. Known collectively as the P-5, these nations have the power to veto any Security Council decision. The remaining 10 states are non-permanent participants selected regionally who serve two-year terms.
The Historical Security Council is tasked with addressing issues regarding conflicts that have already come to a close. In order to be considered “history,” topics must have occurred at least 10 years prior to the HSC’s meeting. Its purpose is to seek innovative and reflective solutions to these historical events in an effort to better understand the world and prepare for similar occurrences that may come to pass at a future time.