Seventy-two years ago, the UN charter established the creation of several entities to provide overall guidance and promote cooperation between nations. At the heart of this system, the Economic and Social Committee is dedicated to three distinct pillars of sustainable development: economic, social, and environmental. As designated by the UN Charter, ECOSOC is one of the six main organs within the UN. The scope of the committee is to push for consensus in pressing subjects and to identify and analyze emerging problematics. This committee leads the world in a search for sustainable development, and deals with the aftermath of major UN conferences and summits, providing follow up and assessing our common goals.
The Council has 14 UN specialized agencies serving under the body, in addition to nine functional commissions and serves to promote higher standards of living, full employment, and economic and social progress; identify solutions to international economic, social and health problems; facilitate international cultural and educational cooperation; and encourage universal respect for humans.
The committee was originally established in 1946 with 18 Member States, which then expanded to 27 in 1965 and again to 54 members in 1973. The General Assembly elects 18 members of ECOSOC for three-year terms each year. The five permanent members of the Security Council (the victors of WWII: China, France, Russia, the United Kingdom, and the United States) are almost always elected and regional representation is taken into consideration during these elections. Moreover, membership in ECOSOC is renewable immediately following the end of the term, which has allowed several states to gain near-permanent member status in the council.
Every year it holds a four-week session in July. Since 1998, it has also held a meeting every April with finance ministers heading key committees of the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund (IMF) as it provides a unique forum for non-governmental actors to discuss policy areas that affect their interests. This including more than 3,400 recognized non-governmental organizations (NGOs) that are consulted on a variety of economic and social matters.
The Economic and Social Council has accomplished a lot in its time, playing a major role in aiding less developed areas in gaining the skills and knowledge established in more developed areas and having broad responsibility over 70% of the human and financial resources of the entire UN system.
Combating systemic exclusion of disabled people
Countering the transgressions of environmental law through the development of new technologies
Regulating the global economy to eradicate detrimental working conditions
Maria Fernanda Borda