The Economic and Social Council is one of the six main organs of the United Nations, the committee was founded in 1945 with originally 18 members, due to amendments in the to the UN charter in 1965 and 1974 the committee expanded to 54 delegations, divided into geographical regions. The function of the ECOSOC is to identify solutions for international social and economic issues. As well as facilitating international cultural and education cooperation. It coordinates 14 1UN specialized agencies, ten functional commissions, and five regional commissions and extends to 70% of the human and financial resources of the UN system.
The committee congregates biannually for 4 weeks at the UN Headquarters in the United States. The first meeting's focus is to draft resolutions and have general discussion between nations. In the second meeting, the biggest and most important finance misters (the International Monetary Fund, the International Trade Organization, and others) are the only ones present at the location. Recently the council has added a High-level political forum (HLPF) to fulfill one of ECOSOC's main functions in the 21st Century: to review the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.
Throughout its years, the ECOSOC has passed many resolutions which have created much change around the world. Recently, when discussing social and human rights questions of human development, they have adopted the 2020/7 resolution. This resolution examines and mitigates the issue of “Affordable housing and social protection systems for all to address homelessness”, by calling all nations to promote the improvements in infrastructure for those who are deprived of a house. It tackles important points that countries usually fail to consider, which is what makes it thorough. Overall, the Economic and Social Council discusses matters from all aspects of society, and understands how these are interconnected, features that affect each other.
Clarissa de Paulo